What are the dangers of e-cigarettes for teenagers?
Source: | Author:magicalflavour | Publish time: 2020-01-06 | 159 Views | Share:
What are the dangers of young people smoking electronic cigarettes? There are many different types of electronic cigarettes on the market today, but today we are talking about electronic cigarettes, which the World Health Organization calls "electronic nicotine delivery system". E-cigarettes not only produce many known harmful substances, but also produce some new harmful substances unique to electronic nicotine delivery systems, that is, toxic substances that traditional cigarettes do not produce, including glyoxal. The content of toxic substances produced by different brands of e-cigarettes and even different products in the same brand may have huge differences. At the same time, e-cigarettes also have serious safety risks such as explosion risks.
 
There is not much evidence on the short-term and long-term effects of exposure to and use of e-cigarettes, but some evidence has revealed the potential health risks of e-cigarettes. The World Health Organization report has shown that with the increased use of e-cigarettes, the risk of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and lung cancer will increase, as will the risk of cardiovascular disease and some other smoking-related diseases.

A survey of people in Beijing found that 34.7% of e-cigarette users experienced irritating discomfort in the throat and even adverse reactions such as cough, dry mouth, nausea, and headache. A recent U.S. health director reported that adolescent exposure to nicotine may affect brain development, cause attention and cognitive deficits, and emotional disorders. A study of high school students in South Korea found that students who used e-cigarettes were 2.7 times more likely to develop asthma than non-users, and those who took 4 days or more of sick leave due to asthma were 15.4 times more likely than never-users. A study of e-cigarette use and respiratory diseases in adolescents in Hong Kong, China, yielded similar results. In addition, the risk of bronchitis in American high school students among e-cigarettes has almost tripled. The dangers of youths using e-cigarettes increase with the current frequency of use, which cannot be underestimated.

E-cigarettes may have effects on multiple organs and systems throughout the body, the biggest of which is the respiratory system. The e-cigarette aerosol will increase the production of inflammatory factors in the respiratory tract, leading to chronic inflammation of the airway, which in turn will reduce human lung function. This adverse effect is very similar to the pathogenesis of COPD caused by smoking.

In addition, the diacetyl used for flavoring in e-cigarettes is very unsafe under heating. Inhalation of this substance in the human body will cause a serious and irreversible lung disease, occlusive bronchitis, which can be found from pathological characteristics. We say "popcorn lung".

What are the dangers of young people smoking electronic cigarettes? According to the latest data, 2051 cases of lung injury related to e-cigarette use have been reported in the United States, of which 39 have been fatal. In these cases, most people are e-cigarettes who smoke the cannabis substance tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), but the exact cause is still under investigation.

Nicotine in e-cigarettes will adversely affect the cardiovascular system, increase the release of catecholamines in the body, lead to increased heart rate, increased blood pressure, vasoconstriction, and damage to vascular endothelium, promote the occurrence and development of atherosclerosis, increase myocardial infarction and brain Risk of stroke.

In addition, the nicotine content in electronic cigarettes is often high, and excessive nicotine can cause human poisoning. Studies show that excessive nicotine intake can cause symptoms such as dizziness, nausea, vomiting, and even death. For less resistant children, just taking a few milligrams of nicotine can be fatal.

The gas of formaldehyde and acetaldehyde in e-cigarette liquid can directly stimulate the respiratory tract, nasal cavity and oral mucous membranes, causing cough, rhinitis, sore throat, etc., and severe cancers of the blood system such as leukemia. The electronic cigarette contains a carbonyl compound, a volatile organic compound, a nitrosamine, and a heavy metal, and the like is itself a strong carcinogen and has a potential carcinogenic effect.

What are the dangers of young people smoking electronic cigarettes? It is particularly worrying that e-cigarettes also contain some unknown substances that are not indicated on their product labels, and their health effects need to be further studied.